The total number of Gauda converts was 7,815. The major religions are Hinduism and Christianity which together account for more than 95 per cent of the population while Islam and other religions account for the remainder 5 per cent. Last Updated: 11 Jan 2021. [33] The Franciscan parish priest of Colvale Church, Frei António de Encarnação, excommunicated for striking a Goan assistant, wrote a bitter and virulent essay against the native clergy wherein he called them ' negros chamados curas ' (Portuguese: blacks called curates) and termed them as 'perverse' and 'insolent'. [33], The Portuguese aimed to create a native citizenry loyal to their Empire, which they believed they could accomplish through mass conversions to Roman Catholicism. At the census 2001, out of 1028 million population, little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion, 138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam, 24 million (2.3%) as Christians, 19 million (1.9%) as Sikh, 8 million (0.80%) as Buddhists and 4 … At the census 2001, out of 1028 million population, little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion, 138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam, 24 million (2.3%) as Christians, 19 million (1.9%) as Sikh, 8 million (0.80%) as Buddhists and 4 … There are several schools affiliated to the seminary at Mapuca and also 145 elementary schools. The district has a population density of 326 inhabitants per square kilometre (840/sq mi). Get Population Density, Religion Data and literacy data of South Goa, Goa India as per Census 2011 Data. In this year, Goa population density was 394 p/km². The minimum population density works out in Arunachal Pradesh (17) for both 2001 and 2011 Census. Religious demography of North and South Goa districts is quite different. Lord Parshuram with Saraswat brahmin settlers commanding Lord Varuna to make the seas recede to make the Konkan . The Average Sex Ratio of North Goa district is 963. Based on the last census, Goa’s Economic Survey 2008-09 says migrants make a fifth of Goa’s population. [33] The Jesuits—with some exceptions, and Franciscans did not bother to learn the native language Konkani. They would ill treat the native womenfolk at the tollbooth on the pretext of searching for illegal goods. The converts from the priestly Brahmin class were Bamonns (Konkani: Brahmins). The sex-ratio of Panaji city is around 431 compared to 973 which is average of Goa state. 1 Year change, migrants, median age, fertility rate, area (Km²), urban population, share of world's population, global rank. Such was the Saints impact on the people’s mind that he still is remembered by the Goan’s as the city’s patron saint. The Portugal rule left a typical Christian nature to this state and even today you will find many houses being built in the typical style of the Portuguese. The birth rate is 15.70 per 1,000 people in 2007. [17] For instance in 1594, the son of Pero Parras, a ganvkar from Raia acquired at baptism the new name of Sebastião Barbosa. Goa, the former Portuguese colony and a Catholic stronghold in western India, has for the first time this century shown a marginal increase in the Christian population. India is projected to surpass China to become the world's most populous country by 2024. It is expected to become the first country to be home to more than 1.5 billion people by 2030, and its population is set to reach 1.7 billion by 2050. Given below is a break up of the %age of major religions of Goa. Goa Religion Population The population of children between age 0-6 is 4635 which is 10.26% of total population. ", "Nothing is more erroneous than the common perception that all Goans have a considerable dose of Portuguese blood in their veins. In British territory the Catholic population is more scanty, numbering about 35,403. Almost 95 percent of the total population of Goa follow either of the two religions. The Goan society epitomizes the ethos of religious tolerance and despite the bitter memories of the Inquisition, people with different religious persuasions … Rama Prabhu, son of Dado Vithal Prabhu from Benaulim, Salcette, became Francisco Fernandes; Mahabal Pai, son of Nara Pai, became Manuel Fernandes in 1596. Of 14.58 lakh persons counted in Goa in 2011, 66 percent are Hindus, 25 percent Christians and somewhat more than 8 percent Muslims. [33] In their letters, they made frequent references to the fact that the native clergy were dark skinned, and that the parishioners had no respect for them as a result. Religion dwells in the hearts of Goans wherever in the world they may be. ", The Portuguese clergy generally bore racial prejudices against their Goan counterparts. In simpler words, you can find a Hindu in a church, a Muslim celebrating a Hindu festival, a Christian in a Hindu celebration and so on. [16] Since in many cases, fathers and sons were not necessarily baptised in the presence of the same godfather, this would lead to them having different surnames. Later in 1609, another of his sons converted and took the name of João Rangel. [37] After a treaty signed on 29 January 1788 with the rajah of Sonda, they acquired the concelhos of Bicholim, Antruz, Sanguem, Quepem and Canacona. World population by Region and by Religion. Contents: Cities and Towns The population of all cities and towns in the State of Goa by census years. Since 1851, the Christian population of Goa has been facing a continual decline. Question: What is the population of Goa? South Goa has a sex ratio of 980 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 85.53%. Goan religious practices are followed by almost everyone who is settled over there. For instance, while there is evidence of Chardo priests since the late 17th century, only Bamonns, Mestiços and foreigners were allowed to join the priesthood till then, and even from that period onwards, members of the clergy continued to hail overwhelmingly from the Bamonn caste. Almost all the present-day Goan Catholicsare descendants of these local converts to the religion. [20] Those converts from lower castes were grouped together as Sudirs, equivalent to Shudras. Hindu Population Growth rate slowed down to 16.76 % from previous decade figure of 19.92% while Muslim witness sharp fall in growth rate to 24.60% (2001-2011) from the previous figure of 29.52 % (1991-2001). A Portuguese nobleman or Minister shows greater respect to a low caste Hindu than to a Christian of high caste. Mahabal Kamati of Curtorim became Aleisco Menezes in 1607, while Chandrappa Naik of Gandaulim became António Dias in 1632. collaborators; religious affiliations did not matter. There are significant population of other religions including Parsi, Christian and Jews as well. It is the largest Catholic Church in Asia. Salcete Taluka population, religion, caste, sex ratio, literacy rate data. The literacy rate of Canacona Taluka is 75.99% out of which 80.49% males are literate and 71.5% females are literate. Population Of India. "The impressive inside baroque architecture of church 2. Out of total population, 39.72% of population lives in Urban area and 60.28% lives in Rural area. [37], In the late 1920s, prominent members of Goan Hindu society requested Vinayak Maharaj Masurkar, the prelate of a Vaishnava ashram in Masur, Satara district; to actively campaign for the 're-conversion' of Catholic Gaudas to Hinduism. As per official census 2011 and population data 2021 of South Goa district, Hindu are majority in South Goa state. Though Goa has a very modest population of Jains today, it was once a hub for the religious sect. Goa Religion Population Contents: Cities and Towns The population of all cities and towns in the State of Goa by census years. The indigenous population of the erstwhile Portuguese colony of Goa underwent a large-scale conversion from Hinduism to Christianity after its conquest and occupation by the Portuguese Empire, led by admiral Afonso de Albuquerque in 1510. In 2011 there were total 151,845 families residing in South Goa district. The sex ratio of Goa is 973 females to 1000 males. Goa is famous for its religious harmony and one can see a harmonious blend of all major religions of India in Goa. The sex ratio is 973 females to 1,000 males. North Goa district of Goa has total population of 818,008 as per the Census 2011. Answer: Goa, India (capital: Panaji) - last known population is ≈ 1 458 500 (year 2011). The total area of Goa is 3702 sq.km with population density of 394 per sq.km. The population is primarily a mixture of Christians and Hindus: the western coastland and estuaries are dotted with wayside crosses and Roman Catholic churches, while the hilly east is scattered with Hindu temples and shrines. The distribution of religions throughout India is very different: Hindus 80%, Muslims 14%, Christians 2.4%, Sikhs 2%, Buddhists 0.7% and other religions 0.9%. Therefore, many Hindus who did not convert or even those who consistently refused to convert and overtly opposed Christendom continued to receive from the Portuguese more honours, favours and jobs than the Christians. As a result, entire Christian village communities were deprived of considerable surplus income and many poor Christians were made into vagabonds or forced to flee Goa to the neighbouring kingdoms. [45] The next census was carried out in 1881, according to which Christians were 58%, while Hindus were 42% of the population.[45]. Total population of North Goa district is 818,008 as per census 2011. [39] Their efforts was met with success when on 23 February 1928, many Catholic Gaudas were converted en masse to Hinduism in a Shuddhi ceremony, notwithstanding the vehement opposition of the Roman Catholic Church and the Portuguese authorities. It happens quite often that a Hindu is given a chair to sit and a native Christian stands. [27] However, some non-Bamonn priests did achieve distinction. Goa’s Golden Age: Goa reached its peak culturally and economically by the end of 16th century when it was fondly referred as ‘Lisbon of the East’. Salcete Taluka in South Goa District of Goa. This is the latest ‘data on religion’ of Census 2011 released this week. [9] In Bardez, Mangappa Shenoy of Pilerne was the first Hindu to convert to Christianity in 1555, adopting the name Pero Ribeiro and thus becoming the first Christian of Bardez. There is a unique blend of all religious faiths in Goa which is what lends a very mystical air to this wonderful state. The city was evangelized by all religious orders, since all of them had their headquarters there. [34] Hinduism and Christianity are the two major religions in Goa, together constituting around 95% of the population. It is dedicated to St. Catherine of Alexandria. (estimated). [6] He allotted Bardez to the Franciscans, Tiswadi to the Dominicans, and Salcette, together with fifteen southeastern villages of Tiswadi, including Chorão and Divar, to the Jesuits. The great majority are ethnically Indians, though their centuries-old adoption of the Roman Catholic religion, and of the Portuguese language and mores, together with their assumption of Portuguese names, have firmly ingrained them in the Portuguese cultural orbit. The Goan ethos has marvelously outlived the pangs of the inquisition and religious conversions. All-time population total. [39] Masurkar accepted, and together with his disciples, subsequently toured Gauda villages singing devotional bhakti songs and performing pujas. Known for the sandy beaches along its 65-mile coastline, Goa was a Portuguese possession until it … Diverse minorities of around 0.1% included Sikhism and Buddhism. Goa district wise population, population based on religion in Goa. The total area of North Goa is 1736 sq.km with population density of 471 per sq.km. This is despite of the fact that Muslims partitioned India on the name of Islam and got separate lands in the name of Pakistan and Bangladesh. Christianity arrived in Goa with St. Francis Xavier and the Jesuits. Hinduism constitutes 76.06% of North Goa population. During the mid-16th century, the Portuguese colony of Goa, especially the city of Goa, was the center of Christianization in the East. A native of Goa is called a Goan in English, Goenkar in Konkani, goês or goesa in Portuguese andGovekar in Marathi. Published B-Series Tables related to Population by religious communities, state wise religious communities, UT wise religious communities The Panaji city is divided into 37 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. Total population of South Goa district is 640,537 as per census 2011. Consequently, they considered the native Christians to be inferior and practised social discrimination against them. Panaji Population, Religion, Caste, Working Data North Goa, Goa - Census 2011. Hinduism and Christianity are the two major religions in Goa, together constituting around 95% of the population. If population growth rate would be same as in period 2001-2011 (+0.79%/year), Goa population in 2020 would be: 1 566 113*. The root cause of Goa inquisition is Fr. Majority of the people are Hindus. [35] The Portuguese colonial and church authorities did not employ politico-economic potentialities to achieve equality by raising the standard of living of the native Christians. This exchange of population has made the natives a virtual minority in their homeland. DEMOGRAPHY OF GOA: As per the 2011 estimations, around 65% were Hindu, 26% Christian and 8% Muslim. There are 2.5% Scheduled Caste (SC) and 12.19% Scheduled Tribe (ST) of total population in Panaji city. The Goan population did not want themselves to be added to Maharashtra and thus, they were declared as a union territory. Gazetteer Dept 1979, Muthukumaraswamy, University of Madras. There are 1.74% Scheduled Caste (SC) and 10.23% Scheduled Tribe (ST) of total population in Goa. (estimated). [26] Caste discrimination even extended to the clergy. The indigenous population of the erstwhile Portuguese colony of Goa underwent a large-scale conversion from Hinduism to Christianity after its conquest and occupation by the Portuguese Empire, led by admiral Afonso de Albuquerque in 1510. [6] The city of Old Goa was shared among all, since all the religious orders had their headquarters there. [17], However, the converted Hindus retained their mother tongue (which in most cases was Konkani) and caste status, even after becoming Christian. There are 1.74% Scheduled Caste (SC) and 10.23% Scheduled Tribe (ST) of total population in Goa. [10] His conversion was followed by that of his brother Panduranga and his uncle Balkrishna Shenoy, who is the direct patrilineal ancestor of Goan historian José Gerson da Cunha. South Goa district of Goa has total population of 640,537 as per the Census 2011. They constitute the largest Christian community in Goa and account for 25 per cent of the total … He posits that had the conversions taken place in individual instances, the converts would have formed into a homogenous community and the caste system would have disappeared among the Christians due to their inability to find marriage partners from the same caste. [8] The first mass conversions took place among the Brahmins of Divar, and the Kshatriyas of Carambolim. [2] The Mangalorean Catholic and Karwari Catholic communities of the Indian state of Karnataka are also largely descended from these Goan converts. The Archbishop of Goa was the most important ecclesiastic of the East, and was from 1572 called the "Primate of the East". The Goan society epitomizes the ethos of religious tolerance and despite the bitter memories of the Inquisition, people with different religious persuasions … However, the converts largely turned out to be a useless citizenry as far as skills, trade, and ownership of capital were concerned. The indigenous population of the erstwhile Portuguese colony of Goa underwent a large-scale conversion from Hinduism to Christianity after its conquest and occupation by the Portuguese Empire, led by admiral Afonso de Albuquerque in 1510. [25] Caste consciousness among the native Christians was so intense that they even maintained separate Church confraternities dedicated to the perpetuation of the existing caste hierarchy. As of 2011, 66% of the population of Goa is Hindu. On the contrary, the rapid rise of converts in Goa was mostly the result of Portuguese economic and political control over the Hindus, who were vassals of the Portuguese crown. Given below is a break up of the %age of major religions of Goa. Goa religion wise population, The major religion in Goa is Hindu, around 1 million people follow Hinduism, followed by Christianism with 25% (366,130), followed by Islam with 8.3% (121,564). "[36], In 1780, the Portuguese conquered from the Marathas the concelhos of Pernem, Sanquelim and Sattari. Most people tend to have a thinking that Goa is predominantly a Christian state but the major religion of Goa is Hinduism. This attitude of the Portuguese had moved many Christians in the recent years to go to the city with the headgears and the tunic of the kind the Hindus wear. One finds ancient churches standing along with Hindu temples in the same area. The data states that the Hindu population in Goa has grown marginally from 65.78% in 2001 to 66.09% a decade later. For instance, it was Fr. Estevão Jeremais Mascarenhas, a Gauddo by caste and member of parliament elected several times by public demand; who spoke of self-determination in 1853. The Jewish population present in the other colonies in the west like Cochin and Goa was a small one. [34] The Portuguese and Hindus were great business and military There is no way of talking to Hindus about conversion any more, because they reply that they are not in a hurry to lose their self-respect. The “Rome of the East” abounds with some of the world famous churches and temples abound is also the place where a “divine” co-existence prevails between people of various faith. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of South Goa District as per Census 2011. [14] The most visible aspect was the discarding of old Hindu names for new Christian Portuguese names. Between 1975 and 2010, the population doubled to 1.2 billion, reaching the billion mark in 1998. The literacy rate of Panaji city is 86.72% out of which 90.65% males are literate and 77.62% females are literate. 65% of the Goan population are Hindus, about 30% are Catholics, about 5% are Muslims and less than 1% have a different religion. [14] The 1567 Provincial Council of Goa—under the presidency of the first Archbishop of Goa Gaspar Jorge de Leão Pereira and after his retirement under that of George Themudo, Bishop of Cochin—passed over 115 decrees. [10] In Salcette, Raia was the first village to have been Christianised, when its populace was converted en masse to Christianity in 1560. The sex-ratio of Canacona Taluka is around 1005 compared to 973 which is average of Goa state. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 8.63%. During the Portuguese era, a lot of people started following Christianity. Approx. History. Religion. South Goa, Goa District population is 640537 as per India Census 2011 and area is 1966 Ha. So, the population of Goa in 2019 as per data figures = 3.559424 Million. In church circles, the Bamonns and Chardos were rivals and frequently discriminated against each other. [29], According to historian José Gerson da Cunha:[24], "The spread of Christianity in the Southern Konkan was not a caste levelling process. Diverse minorities of around 0.1% included Sikhism and Buddhism. In 1998, Goa's population was estimated to be just over 1.3 million persons, of which 62% (806,000 individuals) were Hindu and 34% (442,000 individuals) were Christians. ", While the Portuguese intermarried with some locals and spawned a Mestiço class in Goa, they desired complete acculturation of the native Christians into Portuguese culture. Most people tend to have a thinking that Goa is predominantly a Christian state but the major religion of Goa is Hinduism. The data states that the Hindu population in Goa has grown marginally from 65.78% in 2001 to 66.09% a decade later. The religion-wise distribution of the sample is shown in table 3.9 and table 3.10 shows the religion-wise population distribution of South Goa district. Goa Population 2019 –3.559424 Million. Religious festivals are celebrated by people of all faiths. A converted Brahman became a Christian in faith alone, retaining all the social rights of Hinduism, and transmitting all caste prerogatives, untainted by any admixture of foreign or low caste blood, through generations to his current aristocratic posterity. The Portuguese colonial heritage and the diverse local population of Goa have cultivated a unique cultural landscape. [24] The Portuguese initially attempted to abolish caste distinctions among the local converts and homogenise them into a single entity, but soon found this to be an impossible task and were consequently forced to recognise them. Christian are minority in North Goa state forming significant 16.40% of total population. People irrespective of their religions; celebrate every festival with devotion and joy. The Se Cathedral de Santa Catarina is also known as Se Cathedral and is one of the most ancient and celebrated religious buildings of Goa. [28], Historian A.B. Religion-based data for the 2012 census released last month shows an increase of 6,560 Christians within the past decade. "The Basilica of Bom Jesus or Borea Jezuchi Bajilika (Portuguese: Basílica do Bom Jesus) is located in Goa, India, and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.The basilica holds the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier." [4] Christianization in Goa was largely limited to the four concelhos (districts) of Bardez, Mormugao, Salcette, and Tiswadi. Christian plays important role in electoral of South Goa state forming significant 36.21% of total population. [37] The Portuguese zeal for Christianization gradually died down, so much so that by the last quarter of the 18th century, with the acquisition of the Novas Conquistas, they officially permitted the construction of temples in the territory and agreed not to interfere in the existing religious and social customs. [41] Around 4,851 Catholic Gaudas from Tiswadi, 2,174 from Ponda, 250 from Bicholim and 329 from Sattari became Hindus in this ceremony. Out of which 322,463 are males while 318,074 are females. Hinduism and Christianity are the major religions of Goa. [31] The retention of the caste system and Hindu customs by the converts was contemptuously looked down upon by the Portuguese, who desired complete assimilation of the native Christians into their own culture. Out of which 416,677 are males while 401,331 are females. Various religions like Hinduism apart from Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism started in India. Panaji Religion Population Population by Country Countries (and dependencies) in the world ranked by population. Hence it would be safe to say that Goa is a Hindu majority state. [42] The wider Hindu Gauda community refused to accept these neo-Hindus back into their fold, and they were now alienated by their former Christian coreligionists. The rich cultural heritage of this religion is slowly on its way to oblivion since the government has failed to make any planned efforts to protect it after Liberation. They constitute the largest Christian community in Goa and account for 25 per cent of the total Catholic population in India. From 1961 to 1971, the population growth rate was 34.77%. It declined to 26.74% between 1971 and 1981 and to 16.08% between 1981 and 1991. Religion plays a pivotal role in the life of Goans. People of different faiths and beliefs come together whenever some auspicious moment is to be celebrated. 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